Pain in ear is a common complaint among both children and adults. The difference is that kids cannot explain exactly which specific pain they feel while identifying the particular source of pain and its type may help decide on the medication. There are lots of ear pain causes, and it can be contemporary or regular.
Our ears are significant parts of our body because they are vital for hearing, functioning vestibular apparatus, and even protecting us from infections. Ignoring earache may result in serious diseases which should be treated for long. To prevent this from happening, you can identify the type of your pain by reading the following symptoms and decide how to cure the problem.
Ear Anatomy and Its Vulnerability to Infections
The organ of hearing consists of three main parts: external, middle, and inner. An infectious illness can affect all those three parts. The outer ear consists of a so-called shell and an external auditory aisle, the walls of which are lined with skin. It ends with a drum mooring. The middle ear is a small cavity, limited by a tympanic membrane on one side and an inner ear on the other. With diseases of the upper side of the person’s respiratory tract, for instance, liquid and mucus can be stored in the middle ear cavity, especially if the permeability of the eustachian tubes is disturbed. In the norm, according to the eustachian tubes (short narrow channels), the fluid and mucus from the middle ear are sucked into the nasal cavity. Eustachian tubes also balance the air pressure in the middle ear cavity with atmospheric pressure.
The inner side of the organ of hearing has a system of interconnected cavities. It reaches its adult size before the end of the first half of the fetal period. Thus, all congenital abnormalities of the development of the inner ear occur long before the birth of the child. In contrast, the outer part continues to grow and develop at least until the child reaches puberty.
During the period of childhood, the Eustachian tubes are not formed yet. They are short and wide. That is why kids often suffer from infectious diseases of the middle side of the organ of hearing. They feel pain behind ear which is due to the developing infection inside. Indeed, the frequency of these diseases in kids is in second place after a cold. It means that adults have to listen to what their girls and boys feel. Inflammation of the middle ear occurs in half the children who have reached the age of one. Before the age of six, this percentage increases to 90%.
The severity of the manifestations of infectious diseases of the ears varies. Treatment of these diseases, even if they don’t continue for long, should begin as soon as possible, and should be treated by a doctor. This will protect the child from possible future complications.
Non-permanent Hearing Loss
Lots of adults suffer from a temporary earache and even the loss of hearing because of changes in the surrounding air pressure. It is not connected with any illnesses if there is a reason for these symptoms. For example, you may experience hearing loss while in the airplane or quick elevator. It is a normal situation because it is how your ears adapt to the air pressure. There are lots of lifehacks which you can use to avoid this discomfort. For instance, it is a good idea to open your mouth when the plane is going high. Another option is chewing gum which will help you avoid the feeling of sharp pain in ear.
Ringing and Buzzing in the Organ of Hearing
Another symptom of inner ear pain is something like buzzing when nobody else hears this noise. It can be associated with ringing, hissing, pegging or other external types of annoying noise. In most cases, it is not an illness because buzzing can be explained by various factors. Sometimes people can hear the noise after listening to very loud music in headphones or after being on the disco, pub, concert. In most cases, this symptom disappears after several hours when the air pressure is normalized. If ringing bothers you for longer, you need to go to the doctor and ask for a consultation.
Treatment for Earache
There are lots of variants of home remedies for ear pain which adults can use. In most situations, infections, as well as buzzing, can be easily treated with the doctor’s help. If you have only temporary pain which disappears the next day, there is no need to take tablets. However, if this problem continues to deteriorate your overall life-being or it is the kid who suffers from the pain in ear, you need to visit a hospital. In most cases, your doctor will prescribe individualized tablets such as anesthetics, antipyretics, and antibiotics.
Earache can be triggered by various causes which can be not serious and even risky for your health. The longer you postpone visiting a doctor, the worse it becomes.