Importance of Drug Education
Drug education is important and the school will be primary place for the students and adolescents able to learn the drug education. The children not able to get such drug education except in the schools. Because all parents may not have sufficient statistics and time to educate the children. The drug education is to be provided in a classroom of the school. Such drug education is not merely lecture but it is interaction among the students headed by the peer children. Such drug education programmes should be started from the level elementary and should be continued to the senior level of high school. In case, the children did not receive the drug education in early stages, they may take such education during 12th grade or college as many times teens are not faced drug problems till the stage of 12th grade.
DRUG EDUCATION IN PROGRAM IN DIFFERENT GRADES
Various factors should be taken consideration while designing drug education program. The factors include age, grade of study, gender etc. For example, harmful affects of legal drugs and its excessiveness will be taught during 3rd grade. Similarly harmful effects of tobacco, alcohol and other illegal drugs will be taught during 4 to 6th grades. With respect to grade 7 to 10, complex issues will be explored so that the students able to understand the critical issues linked with the legal or illegal drugs. At final i. e. in Grade 11 and 12, the children will be in a position to understand biological affects of drug on the body and hence they can take decision to avoid the drugs.
DRUG EDUCTION PROGRAM AT SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL
The drug education program linked with the students, teachers, peers etc. it should be designed for a period say six sessions, twelve sessions etc. During such sessions various topics such as alcohol effects on the body, social norms, decision making, alcohol poisoning etc should be covered. Separate manuals should be provided for teachers and students individually. As far as external, workshops should be conducted for parents and parent associations besides students and professionals on the topics of drug and alcohol policy. Not only that, programs should be conducted at community level combining with local schools and community people by exploring the drug education program.
OBJECTIVES OF DRUG EDUCATION PROGRAM
The drug education programs should be designed by considering grades and age of the students. Because low age children may not understand higher standards of the programs. For example K-3 grade students need only the details of drugs and medicines and its impact on the body. During such age, the child able to access small information for which he/she can develop healthy concept.
With respect to the Grade 4-6, the following objectives should be included in the drug education program.
- Provide help so that the child develop familiarity with the drugs and its effects on the body
- The child able to aware the medications which are prescribed for individual.
- The Child can better address the decision making process.
- Child can able to develop understanding the concepts of socio-cultural, physical-medical and psychological effects on drugs.
- The child can also understand the feelings and practices about the use of tobacco and alcoholic beverages.
DRUG EDUCATION PROGRAM FOR GRADES
- The drug education program should focus on the risks and protective factors in order to address by particular age level of students.
- During the program design stage, key features of the program should be taken into account
- It is better to focus on single drug effects though no. of substances may appear after 14 years age of the student.
- Select short term goals rather than long term while providing drug specific information.
- Provide accurate and balanced information which acknowledge the benefits.
- The drug education program to be given on behavioral basis rather than knowledge base of the student.
- Sessions should be designed on the basis of student-to-student because more interaction will be achieved comparatively on the basis student-to-teacher. The sessions should include interactions, role-plays, Socratic questioning, brainstorming, cooperative learning and peer-to-peer discussion which is most important.
- The media and social influences also create a great awareness so that students develop their skills and to take decision.
- In order to have better effects, the drug education program is to be designed with at least 10 sessions per year. In case the target not achieved, 3-5 booster sessions per year also to be added beside 10 sessions per year.
- Proper training and material is to be provided to the teachers so that they can deliver drug education program effectively.
- The guest presenters also invited to deliver a drug education session and they will interact with the students instead avoiding routine lecture.
DRUG EDUCATION PROGRAM IN MISSISSIPPI
Many young people habituated to take drugs and being addressed with several problems. If proper drug education program is established in the relevant area such as in schools and colleges, it will be possible to discuss the problems openly for which the young people understand and take correct decision thereby withdrawing from drugs. In this regard, R. H. Watkins High School Drug Education Peer Counseling program developed various drug education programs in the state of Mississippi.
Accordingly the organization provides training to the selected students who are in the 12th grade and they will be designated as peer counselors. At about 25 to 30 persons will be selected as peer counselors and in turn they will formulate and present related drug education programs in K-8 and other grades. Such peer counselors present 80 to 100 drug related programs per year. The selected students will be given proper training, classroom instructions, and field trips besides providing knowledge in the areas of pharmacology, drug terminology, symptoms of drug abuse etc.
The peer counselors take play active role in the drug education programs. The drug education program should be designed considering various grades such as K-3, 4-6 and 7-12. Specific objectives for each level have to be established. Besides the overall objectives of the drug education program must include with the following targeting the young people.
- Bring awareness among the young people with respect to the dangers associated with drug use and abuse
- Providing knowledge how to use of medicines, household and environmental chemicals.
- Increase the skills of decision making, peer pressure among young people.
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- http://sitemaker. umich. edu/mendez. 356/drug_education-_how___when_it_s_taught_in_school
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