The joint is a moving part of the limb where two bones meet. Bones are held in place by ligaments (strong tissue harnesses) and move by muscles and tendons (the latter attach the muscle to the bone). The pain in any of these parts is considered as joint pain.
Joint pain is an uncomfortable type of aching musculoskeletal system of our body. The statistics show that approximately 30% of the world population experience this symptom several times in a year. Also, it has a close relation with the age of a person. People who are over 40 are more vulnerable to this illness. The older person becomes, the higher the likelihood of having this pain is. And it is no wonder because the anatomy and aging processes can explain this tendency in our organism.
It is high time people pay more attention to the problem with joint ache because it is considered as the first most common illness of the musculoskeletal system. This unpleasant feeling doesn’t only create discomfort but may lead to more severe consequences. If not treated, the disease makes even the simplest movements difficult, and the active lifestyle remains to be remembered.
Causes of Joint Pain
It is significant to understand the cause of the pain to “decipher” the signals which your body sends and prevent severe consequences. Only then you can apply the correct treatment and avoid many complications.
Arthritis is one of the possible causes of the specific pain. This disease denotes the inflammation of one or several joints and surrounding tissues at a time. Symptoms are indicated on the swelling: limitation of movements, heat, pain, and redness. More than 100 pathological conditions, such as infections and violations of the blood, contribute to the development of arthritis.
Traumas or active sport can be another reason for pain in knees, hips, feet, arms, shoulders. Depending on the type of sport, there is a higher likelihood that specific part can be inflamed. For instance, professional dancers go to doctors because of aching feet and knees. Due to intensive training, some parts of our body take lots of pressure. It is significant to give some time for the injured part to relax and recover.
Treatment and Medication
There is no particular tablet which will prevent pain. It is more the question of the physical therapy. If you have joint pain which doesn’t disappear for more than a week, it is a sign to visit a doctor. The specialists who can help you are rheumatologists or traumatologists. Don’t go directly to the masseur without a previous doctor’s consultation.
Physical therapy includes strengthening muscles next to the aching joint, stabilizing the painful part, or improving the variety of motion. You will have to attend several doctor’s appointments with specified techniques which include ultrasounds, massages, electrical nerve stimulation, exercises, cold or heat therapies, and other kinds of manipulation.
Any illness starts with the inflammation of the surrounding tissue, the resulting swelling, and irritation of the nerve endings. If the ill doesn’t go to a professional doctor on time, there is a probability of irreversible chronic joint diseases like arthritis associated with lesions. This leads to the almost complete destruction of the cartilage of the joint. Subsequently, through such partial destruction, a person may lose the ability to move and require surgical treatment, including arthroplasty.
Preventing Joint Pain
Our body loses its functionality with the age if we don’t stick to several rules. Indeed, it is not that difficult to go in for sport regularly without doing that much strenuous exercises. It will help your body to be energetic. Not only arthritis but other illnesses will not stay for long in a sporty shape. Swimming and bicycling are among the best types of the sport because they don’t require overwhelming efforts. These activities will help you to be active and train each part of your body. Moreover, it doesn’t take lots of time, but your joints will thank you for this caring treatment.
Mouth lesions are unpleasant and painful sores which require medical treatment. It can be even embarrassing if it is herpes lesions in mouth or on lips while lesions on roof of mouth create discomfort to swallow. This illness is also contagious which means that people won’t have a desire to talk to you. That is why it is urgent to cure this problem with the help of modern medicine.
The primary thing to do if you have lesions in mouth is to determine the cause of this symptom. It can be an infection or some other diseases which are hidden in the body. Go to the doctor and let him or her investigate the type and the source of the red lesions in mouth.
What are lesions in the mouth? It can be a swelling on the tongue, upper palate, cheeks, lips, gums, throat. It is accompanied with red or white spots.
Infections. There is a variety of bacteria and viruses which are directly related to the oral mucosa. Although the conditionally pathogenic flora is present in everyone, it does not always turn into lesions in the mouth. The infections need the stimulating factors which will be useful for developing inflammation. Dirt and bad food are what the bacteria are waiting for.
Unbalanced diet. Our body requires rich vitamins and minerals for normal health. The lack of these substances leads to an increased likelihood of stomatitis and other similar symptoms.
Bad hygiene. It is important to wash fruit and vegetables before eating them because they accumulate lots of dirt which immediately gets into your mouth.
Visiting non-professional dentist. If a doctor uses poor-quality materials or they are not sterile enough, your mucous membrane may get an infection.
Improper hygiene of the oral cavity. Although it sounds banal, it is still significant to remind about brushing teeth and changing a toothbrush once in a month. Sometimes the problem can be hidden in the type of toothpaste. If your gums are sensitive, select the appropriate toothpaste. If you do not know which type is the best to avoid lesions on roof of mouth, you can always ask for a doctor’s professional recommendation.
Taking medications. Some antibiotics can negatively impact your mucous membrane because of containing a strong, active substance.
Alcohol and smoking.
Utilizing common dishes which are not washed properly. It is good if you have your cup and don’t share it with others because you never know which contagious infections people may have.
Stomatitis in most cases doesn’t stay longer than for a week. However, depending on the type of inflammation, therapy can be made in different ways. A dentist or a doctor-therapist can determine the kind of swelling. Some manufacturers include antibiotics in combination with pastes that cover the sore with a protective film. Antibacterial agents are used to treat stomatitis caused by bacterial infection, as well as to prevent repeated infection of ulcers with bacteria. Antiviral drugs are indicated for viral stomatitis. At present, there are pastes which, when applied to sores, form a protective film on the surface. This film protects the ulcer from the effects of irritants. In addition, the composition of these drugs include components that accelerate the healing of the mucosa.
How to Avoid Herpes
There are two simple rules which people need to bear in mind to avoid the infection of herpes on the lips.
Your immune system should be in an active, working state.
Observe the rules of personal hygiene.
Nothing more is needed to keep your mouth clean and without infections. If it happened that a “fever” has appeared on your lips, you need to carry out a complex therapy, which includes: the use of special ointments, ingestion of antiviral drugs, correction of immunity and, of course, compliance with personal hygiene rules not to infect others!
What is a lipoma? Lipoma definition is a growth of the tissue which can be of the cosmetic or dangerous origin. It is usually located under the skin, but sometimes this illness may affect internal organs which contain fatty tissue. The most vulnerable parts refer to neck, back, shoulders, arms. This neoplasm can be of various sizes and localization. Also, there is no exact relation between age and frequency of this illness. However, the statistics say that small lump is rarely developed among children.
The average size of the small lipoma is 2 cm, but sometimes giant neoplasms may also be formed. It is usually painless and has a color of skin. Its structure is soft and mobile. Skin lumps can be not only related to fatty tissue but a connective as well. In this case, it has a more dense consistency.
There can be both single and multiple neoplasms. They can be placed on the back, on the shoulders, on the chest, on the legs and the stomach. In general, any place of the human body, which are formed with the fatty tissue, may become the central space for the development of skin lumps. Often they are found on the scalp, covered with hair, on the face, behind the ears.
Doctors identify two main medical causes of the neoplasm formation:
The growth of a tumor. In this case, the fat cells of the neoplasm multiply from one cell, being its clones. Therefore, most such tumors have a lobular structure.
Forming against a background of disturbed outflow of the sebaceous glands. In this case, fat cells are accumulated in the lumen of the gland. Such tumors most often come to the surface through the lumen of the sebaceous gland.
As to other reasons one may distinguish the following causes for lipoma symptoms:
Hereditary predisposition. In this case, it is a disease such as lipomatosis, which is characterized by the formation of a variety of tumors. This pathology is inherited by an autosomal dominant type and manifests itself in youth, regardless of the sex of the child.
Changes in the fat metabolism. This cause does not depend on what kind of physique the person is. It can be either a thin or full person. Fats cannot freely pass through the walls of blood vessels and clog them. If this process progresses, a person develops a disease called atherosclerosis.
Unbalanced diet. Risk factors that lead to elevated blood levels of low-density lipoprotein: predominance of animal fats in the menu, genetic diseases. It should be noted that doctors call skin lumps almost the only visible markers that may push a person to the idea of an increased level of cholesterol in the blood and go for a doctor’s consultation.
Ignoring the rules of personal hygiene. Lipomas can form on the site of acne, which was incorrectly treated. Sebaceous glands continue to accumulate a thick secret that can block their lumen. The preserved sebaceous secret forms a lipoma.
Only doctors can determine the final diagnosis of lipoma. There are only individualized methods of treatment. If this benign tumor bothers the person, the doctor will have to conduct a lipoma surgery. Besides, the doctor carries out a puncture of the neoplasm with a subsequent cytological examination of the material obtained. It is also possible to conduct a histological analysis, which is carried out after the removal of the lipoma. This investigation will show whether the tumor is benign or malignant. If the results are not favorable, the person will have to undergo other examinations for identifying whether the this symptom hasn’t triggered complications.
Skin lumps can be treated easily if the ill doesn’t postpone a visit to the doctor. There are lots of methods which can make this tumor smaller or get rid of it. However, if the persons ignore such tumors, there is a high risk of possible complications and the development of other illnesses. If there is even the smallest suspicion of the skin lumps development, go to the doctor to get rid of this symptom.
People of all ages can sometimes feel right arm pain or left arm pain due to numerous factors. The most common ones are overuse and injury. However, based on the causes, such pain can start suddenly and can develop or go away eventually.
There is a long list of symptoms people experience when they feel arm pain. They often include stiffness, swelling, arm redness, and swollen lymph nodes under the arm. Since such signs can range from mild to severe, it is important to indicate that there is a wide range of causes of arm pain. One of such cases can be pinched nerves. It means that there is a nerve under much pressure because of bones, muscles, cartilage, and tendons. However, other symptoms also include arm muscle pain, numbness, and tingling.
At the same time, a lot of people experience sprains regularly. They mean tearing or stretching of the tendons or ligaments. They happen quite often. It is easy to take care of a mild sprain even at home, but some of the strains can require surgery in case they are severe. If people feel muscle pain the arm, it is important to keep an eye on such symptoms as limited joint mobility, swelling, and bruising.
Tendinitis means the inflammation of the tendon that can regularly happen in the wrists. Elbows, and shoulders. It can also vary from mild to severe. Other signs of tendinitis often involve dull and chest pain, tenderness, and swelling.
Rotator cuff injuries can occur in case people perform overhead motions very often. Such injuries are common among baseball players or painters. The main symptoms involve potential arm weakness and some ache in the shoulder.
The sharpest and most immense pain in arm can be caused by fractured or broken bones. As soon as the bone is breaking, it is possible to sear an audible snap. The signs of the bones being broken include bruising, severe pain, swelling, inability to run arms upward, and, of course, a visible deformity.
Rheumatoid arthritis is another chronic disorder that leads to feeling the pain in the arm. It is often caused by inflammation, and it eventually influences the joints. The most common signs of rheumatoid arthritis include fatigue, swelling of the joints, stiff in the joints, and warm joints.
It would be a mistake to forget about angina that can cause a lot of pain in the arm too. It is a chest pain that often occurs if a heart is not getting enough oxygen. As a result, it can not only lead to pain in the shoulder and the arm, but it can also cause increased pressure in the neck, back, and chest. If a person suffers from angina, it means he or she probably has an underlying heart problem. With this in mind, it is significant to be careful with such symptoms as nausea, dizziness, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
Moreover, it is worth mentioning heart attacks that often occur in case blood cannot access the heart due to the blocking that is cutting off the supply of oxygen to the heart. As a result, the heart muscle can almost die if the oxygen does not come back quickly. Eventually, if a person experiences a heart attack, he or she is likely to have pains in different parts of the buddy, especially in the upper part, pain in one or both arms. Other symptoms include a cold sweat, chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, and nausea. In any case, it is always essential to call 911 as soon as possible in case you think a person has a heart attack.
However, the doctors have to diagnosis the underlying reason first for the pain in the arm to find the way to treat it. It is important to conduct a physical and history exam first, making sure they know the potential injuries and activities of their patient. Eventually, based on the symptoms they see, there is a need to follow several steps to come up with a correct diagnosis. For example, the doctors will probably ask their -patient to lift their arms or to try doing simple motions to see their range of motion. This step will be important for them to detect the location and to identify the cause of the potential pain or injury.
The blood tests can also be used to quickly identify some conditions that could lead to pain in the right arm and pain in the left arm. Such symptoms can include diabetes or other injuries that lead to inflammation of the joints. In addition to this, some doctors can even choose to try x-rays as they can help to detect broken or fractured bones. In case the doctors are sure that the arm pain of a patient is connected with potential heart complications, they will be likely to prefer ordering tests to see how the heart works and to evaluate the blood flow through the heart of a patient.
At the same time, it is a mistake to forget about the ultrasounds that use high-frequency sound waves to present the images of the inside of the body. They can be used by the doctors to identify the issues with the tendons, joints, and ligaments. Nevertheless, the doctors can also try MRIs and CT scans in case they need to receive a more detailed image of the bones and soft tissue.
It is always important to call 911 as soon as possible or take the person to the hospital if they feel unwell. Urgent medical help is necessary if an individual suspects a heart attack, a broken bone, or other conditions that cause arm pain. Also, you should always pay attention to such symptoms as inability to turn over the hands, fingers and arms, or other physical and visible deformities.
The breasts usually grow during puberty because of an increase in estrogen. During the menstrual cycles, a lot of hormones lead to various changes in breast tissue. It can eventually lead to discomfort and even pain. Therefore, mastalgia or an occasional breast pain is very common among all females.
Based on the available studies and facts, breast pain affects more than half of females. It can be categorised as cyclical or non-cyclical. The first type means the pain that is connected with the menstrual cycle of a woman. It becomes noticeable after and during the period. On the other hand, non-cyclical pain can be caused by a wide range of factors, and various injuries are only some of them. Moreover, it is significant to mention that such type of pain can often come from surrounding muscles or tissues. However, it is a very common misconception of many females to that the pain comes from the breast itself. The surrounding muscles discomfort is less common than the breast tissues pain. In fact, such symptoms are very hard to identify.
It should be mentioned that mastalgia can be different in its intensity. It varies from a mild tingling to a very sharp pain in breast. A lot of females can feel that their breasts are fuller than usual and others can say that they are extra tender. With this in mind, it is essential to highlight two most common factors that lead to the breast pain. The first one is fibrocystic (lumpy) breasts and the second one is hormone fluctuations.
A female menstrual cycle can cause hormone fluctuations in progesterone and estrogen. These two hormones can make the woman feel that her breast is lumpy, swollen, and even painful. Some females prove that such pain can get worse as they get older. It can be explained by the increased sensitivity to the hormones as the person is ageing. In fact, a lot of females who tend to feel menstrual-related pain will not have such pain after menopause. It should also be noticed that in case the breast pain is caused by the hormone fluctuations, the woman will probably detect that the pain is getting worse three or two days before her period.
Moreover, the pain is likely to continue throughout the menstrual cycle. With this in mind, to identify whether the breast pain is associated with the menstrual cycle, it is highly recommended for every female to keep a log of their periods. It is crucial to note when they experience pain during the month. After several cycles, it will become possible for them to predict it. The stages in body development can impact a woman’s wellbeing, and can also cause the breast pain (namely, the menopause, puberty, and pregnancy).
As a female body gets older, the breasts change. Such transformation is known as involution. This is the case when the breast tissue becomes replaced by fat. A side effect of such change is the development of the more fibrous tissues. This process is also explained as the time when the stage of the fibrocystic breast tissue or fibrocystic changes. Even when fibrocystic breasts do not often cause pain, sometimes the women still feel discomfort due to that reason.
It is also significant to add that fibrocystic breasts usually increase tenderness, and thus the breast can feel lumpy. Such sensation is usually felt in the outer and upper portions of the breasts. It should also be indicated that the lumps can become bigger during the menstrual cycle of every female.
At the same time, it is very important to examine other causes of breast pain. For instance, one of the reasons females can feel breast pain is her diet and her lifestyle in general. Some products women consume can lead to pain in breasts. To be exact, people who do not follow a healthy diet and consume a lot of refined carbs and fats can be at higher risk of breast pains. On the other hand, sometimes breast pain causes are not connected with breasts but with the irritation of the back muscles, arms, and chest. It can be a common symptom for those females who engage in various activities including shovelling, water skiing, rowing, and raking.
Finally, it would be a mistake to ignore the breast size. Females who have larger breast or the breasts that are not in proportion to their frames often feel discomfort in their shoulders and necks. Moreover, if a woman had surgery on her breasts, there is no doubt that pain from such tissue formation will linger for a long time. In addition, smoking can also be a problem because it raises the level of epinephrine in the breast tissue. Sometimes, breasts can hurt if a woman smokes. Also, it is worth paying attention to the medications the woman takes. For instance, antibiotics, medications for hearing diseases, antidepressants, and hormone therapy can significantly contribute to the breast pain. With this in mind, it is better to consult the doctor to find the alternative options available.
Chest Congestion is a common illness which affects lower respiratory tract by an inflammatory process in the bronchial mucosa. Symptoms and treatment methods depend on the type of the disease: acute or chronic, as well as the stage of the disease. Identifying the chest congestion symptoms is a key to getting rid of this discomfort. The inflammatory process in the bronchi doesn’t only affect the quality of life but is also dangerous by severe complications, pneumonia, pathologies and disorders of the cardiovascular system. That is why listen carefully to what your body tells you and help it to recover.
How do I know that it is a Chest Congestion?
Let’s clarify the answer to a simple question “What is chest congestion?” It is a symptom which is characterized by two prominent indicators: excess mucus and cough. They are usually interconnected and appear one after another.
Mucus. This sign is a noticeable indicator of the congestion in chest. It is an uncomfortable feeling of excessive mucus somewhere in the esophagus. It can be wet or dry. The former variant is a good one because with the mucus all the germs away. It is accompanied by a wet cough which is not pleasant but obligatory for chest congestion relief. Emitting mucus is a natural protective mechanism which our body uses to get rid of germs. All you need to consider is the color of the mucus. It should have a natural transparent color, not green, red, or yellow. If it looks not natural, it is obligatory to see the doctor.
Cough. When the body needs to protect its respiratory tract, coughing helps to clear the airway if something harms it. The same is about how to get rid of chest congestion. The answer is simple: you need to cough. However, pay attention to the type of a cough. If it dry and painful, it won’t help you to avoid visiting doctor. If you easily clear the airway and wet mucus is coughed up with no pain, it is a good sign.
What are the Causes?
The surrounding world is filled with dust, viruses, allergens that can easily get in our lungs when we breathe in fresh air. Usually, our nasal hair traps those particles to prevent them from getting further. If too much dust gets there, mucus goes to the throat where we can cough it out. Sometimes this dust can be more dangerous if it contains virus or bacteria. Then, it can cause infections like cold, angina, bronchitis, or others. If your body cannot get rid of mucus, you need to take special medicaments that will help your body conquer the illness. It can be prescribed by your doctor who may analyze other symptoms.
Home Remedies for Chest Congestion
Sometimes there is no need for particular chest congestion medicine if the illness is not serious. All you need is bed rest and drinking lots of water or other liquid. It will help you make the mucus easier to cough out. What is more, water will prevent your body from dehydration which can be caused by an intensive cough. Another good remedy which you can use at home is steam. It is a natural method to moisturize the airway for a comfortable cough. There will be less dried mucus which may harm your airway. The easiest way to use steam is to prepare a pot with hot water and put your head over it. Another variant is taking a hot shower. Your body will thank you for such warm care.
What if it Gets Worse?
If home remedies don’t improve your overall well-being, it is a sign to visit a doctor. Other serious symptoms are connected with a high fever, breathing difficulties, dried mucus which doesn’t become wet, coughing up blood are serious indicators to call to your doctor. Sometimes home remedies and over-the-counter tablets are not enough for a full recovery.
“Reasons for an irregular period” is one of the most frequent google inquiries by females. It means that women encounter this symptom very often. However, gynecologists state that more than the half of their patients don’t come with the problem of irregular periods treatment. It means that females don’t consider this symptom to be a serious indicator to visit a doctor. Although in most cases there is no reason to worry, in other situations it can be a sign to have a medical check.
What are Irregular Periods?
The term “irregular periods” indicates the beginning of menstruation within different gaps. A normal menstruation cycle embraces approximately 28 days. For each woman, this number can vary from up to 7 days. If your cycle has 35 days, but each menstruation begins exactly on the 35th day, it doesn’t mean that you have problems. It is just your individual body feature. However, if each month the lengths of the periods change drastically, it is counted as a symptom of irregularity.
Reasons for Irregular Menstruation Cycles
Irregular periods can be physiological and pathological. It is a symptom of a set of gynecological and non-gynaecologic changes which may even cause infertility if not treated. All this indicates the importance of clarifying the nature of the irregularity for the patient’s medical history and the need to take into account this factor in the future treatment or birth planning.
It is considered a norm if a woman has delays in menstruation beginning once a year if there is a logical explanation for this. If you are waiting for your period to begin or vice versa it started too quickly; you need to do some retrospective thinking. Consider the following physiological causes to understand whether the reason is not one of them.
Extreme training and doing sport. If you started to attend a gym or doing strong exercises, it can be a reason for the changes in menstruation cycle.
Dieting. It is another cause for throwing off the start of the period because it is considered as stress for your body. It needs time to get used to dieting, and this can affect female health.
Stress. Most doctors say that lots of illnesses are triggered by stress, depression, unexpectable anxiety. It causes changes in the hormone system which is responsible for monthly periods.
Medicamentation. If you take pills which are either connected to female health or not related at all, it can be one of the causes of irregular periods. Antibiotics and birth control pills are among the most influential on the menstrual regularity.
Weather change. It happens very often that women who travel to a place where the climate is much different from the previous one have delays of the menstrual bleeding. This is caused by the necessity for the body to adapt to changes in weather. If you have just arrived from a hot country and do not know why menstruation hasn’t started as planned, give it some time. The delay won’t last for more than 10 days. If it does, you’d better visit a doctor to clarify the reason even more thoroughly.
Irregular periods and pregnancy. If you go to the gynecologist with a problem of monthly delay, the doctor will ask you to take a pregnancy test. And it is no wonder because menstruation stop is the first symptom of pregnancy.
Age and other conditions. Teenagers usually have problems with irregular periods because their hormones are not regulated yet. It may take up to one year for the female body to begin menstruation at a defined cycle time. Another situation is with older women who are about 50 years. It is when menopause begins. Before this, a woman may experience changes in the cycle because the body prepares for menopause. The same situation is with the irregular periods after pregnancy. It is a normal case for women because their body needs some time to return to a normal state after giving birth.
Physiological change is not the only reason what causes irregular periods. There are lots of pathological illnesses which provoke irregularity in the female cycle. If it is not the first time your menstruation doesn’t come on time, and no reasons above can justify this, you need to get a medical check at the gynecologist. Sometimes it can be a virus or bacteria which can be treated with the help of the prescribed medications. However, you will never know this without visiting doctor.
Danger of Irregular Periods
Most women ignore changes in their menstruation cycle because for them it doesn’t cause any pain or discomfort. However, if this symptom doesn’t stop worrying you, the illness may progress into something really serious. The diseases don’t disappear in the blink of an eye without proper treatment. It has a tendency to continue bringing harm to your body. You never know which other symptoms this illness may provoke. That is why, if changes in menstruation length worry you for more than two or three months, devote some time to talk with a doctor. Care for your body because it can be vulnerable.
Pain in ear is a common complaint among both children and adults. The difference is that kids cannot explain exactly which specific pain they feel while identifying the particular source of pain and its type may help decide on the medication. There are lots of ear pain causes, and it can be contemporary or regular.
Our ears are significant parts of our body because they are vital for hearing, functioning vestibular apparatus, and even protecting us from infections. Ignoring earache may result in serious diseases which should be treated for long. To prevent this from happening, you can identify the type of your pain by reading the following symptoms and decide how to cure the problem.
Ear Anatomy and Its Vulnerability to Infections
The organ of hearing consists of three main parts: external, middle, and inner. An infectious illness can affect all those three parts. The outer ear consists of a so-called shell and an external auditory aisle, the walls of which are lined with skin. It ends with a drum mooring. The middle ear is a small cavity, limited by a tympanic membrane on one side and an inner ear on the other. With diseases of the upper side of the person’s respiratory tract, for instance, liquid and mucus can be stored in the middle ear cavity, especially if the permeability of the eustachian tubes is disturbed. In the norm, according to the eustachian tubes (short narrow channels), the fluid and mucus from the middle ear are sucked into the nasal cavity. Eustachian tubes also balance the air pressure in the middle ear cavity with atmospheric pressure.
The inner side of the organ of hearing has a system of interconnected cavities. It reaches its adult size before the end of the first half of the fetal period. Thus, all congenital abnormalities of the development of the inner ear occur long before the birth of the child. In contrast, the outer part continues to grow and develop at least until the child reaches puberty.
During the period of childhood, the Eustachian tubes are not formed yet. They are short and wide. That is why kids often suffer from infectious diseases of the middle side of the organ of hearing. They feel pain behind ear which is due to the developing infection inside. Indeed, the frequency of these diseases in kids is in second place after a cold. It means that adults have to listen to what their girls and boys feel. Inflammation of the middle ear occurs in half the children who have reached the age of one. Before the age of six, this percentage increases to 90%.
The severity of the manifestations of infectious diseases of the ears varies. Treatment of these diseases, even if they don’t continue for long, should begin as soon as possible, and should be treated by a doctor. This will protect the child from possible future complications.
Non-permanent Hearing Loss
Lots of adults suffer from a temporary earache and even the loss of hearing because of changes in the surrounding air pressure. It is not connected with any illnesses if there is a reason for these symptoms. For example, you may experience hearing loss while in the airplane or quick elevator. It is a normal situation because it is how your ears adapt to the air pressure. There are lots of lifehacks which you can use to avoid this discomfort. For instance, it is a good idea to open your mouth when the plane is going high. Another option is chewing gum which will help you avoid the feeling of sharp pain in ear.
Ringing and Buzzing in the Organ of Hearing
Another symptom of inner ear pain is something like buzzing when nobody else hears this noise. It can be associated with ringing, hissing, pegging or other external types of annoying noise. In most cases, it is not an illness because buzzing can be explained by various factors. Sometimes people can hear the noise after listening to very loud music in headphones or after being on the disco, pub, concert. In most cases, this symptom disappears after several hours when the air pressure is normalized. If ringing bothers you for longer, you need to go to the doctor and ask for a consultation.
Treatment for Earache
There are lots of variants of home remedies for ear pain which adults can use. In most situations, infections, as well as buzzing, can be easily treated with the doctor’s help. If you have only temporary pain which disappears the next day, there is no need to take tablets. However, if this problem continues to deteriorate your overall life-being or it is the kid who suffers from the pain in ear, you need to visit a hospital. In most cases, your doctor will prescribe individualized tablets such as anesthetics, antipyretics, and antibiotics.
Earache can be triggered by various causes which can be not serious and even risky for your health. The longer you postpone visiting a doctor, the worse it becomes.
The statistics say that 1 percent of the entire world population suffers from the problem of excessive sweating which has a medical term “hyperhidrosis.” Although there are lots of methods which help people avoid this discomfort, there are lots of situations when some other factors make the body sweat more than usual. Let’s clarify when and why this problem may happen and what we should do with this.
How do I Know the Sweating is Excessive
It is significant to understand that this unpleasant symptom is a natural function of our body. It helps to control the temperature and cool down. If you have just done lots of intensive physical exercises or walking when the weather is hot, it is good that your organism gives off salty liquid. Some other situations when people sweat is related to stress or anxiety when hormone system experiences tension. If your palms are wet during the exam or before an important speech, there is no need to worry. However, if this “cooling-down” function makes you almost wet and creates discomfort, there is something to treat by visiting a dermatologist.
Everything should have a balance and comfort. If your clothes become wet during a stressful situation, or you have excessive sweating while sleeping, it is a sign that you have hyperhidrosis symptoms. Sweating is a norm unless it becomes too noticeable and uncomfortable during everyday life.
Possible Reasons of the Hyperhidrosis
There are two types of the hyperhidrosis which worsens the comfort of everyday life. The first one is connected with genetics. It means that your relatives have this illness as well. This problem may not appear since the childhood. The most common time for the development of this disease is teenage. Another type is called secondary because in this case, other factors may trigger this illness. Among those causes you can find pregnancy, menopause, anxiety, consuming harmful food, alcohol or some medications which affect your hormone system.
Combating the Hyperhidrosis
Our modern-day medical world has lots of tablets to offer if a person knows what causes excessive sweating. No home remedy stops any form of this symptom to its fullest because it is an essential function of the body. Nevertheless, people who have hyperhidrosis can select one way to get rid of these unpleasant symptoms. Some of them can be even for a long time.
A wide range of surgical and non-surgical methods are available that differ in cost, side effects, and duration. Most of them work on nerves that stimulate the work of sweat glands. If there are no tablets for treating this illness, doctors may recommend hyperhidrosis surgery which is not risky but can bring lots of positive consequences for the body. Effective treatment can lead to a necessary improvement in the patients’ health. It is crucial that the diagnosis and treatment have been conducted with caution and precision.
It is not recommended to treat the causes of excessive sweating at home with the help of unknown medicine. This symptom requires individual approach and medical check. If you don’t know how to stop excessive sweating, get a full body investigation at a hospital. The professionals will quickly decide on the most useful treatment.
Hillendale Health describes a communicable disease as one that is passed from human to human through direct or indirect contact. Common ones include chicken pox, ringworm, influenza, scabies, lice, pinkeye and hepatitis. Prevention includes good hygiene skills, safe sex and using reputable sources for tattoos, piercing and blood transfusions. There are several things that cause a communicable disease and knowing the risk can help a person take measures to protect themselves and those they come into contact with. Bodily Fluid Exchange.
According to the Oregon Department of Health, communicable diseases can be spread through unprotected sex, sharing needles for drug use, blood transfusions, tattoos or piercings and bites from a child. Pregnant women can pass a disease to their children as well. Prevention of spreading communicable diseases through bodily fluids is achieved through hand washing, safe sex and using clean needles for drug use and tattoos and piercings. The most common communicable diseases spread through bodily fluids are HIV and Hepatitis B, C and D. Direct/Indirect Contact.
Read this article – Lifestyle Diseases
Contact with people suffering from a communicable disease, either directly or indirectly can cause the spread of that disease. Direct contact includes skin to skin, which can spread ringworm and scabies. Indirect contact refers to germs being spread through coughing, sneezing or spitting onto a person who then transfers the germs to their mouth, nose or eyes. The Oregon Department of Health says that good prevention practices include frequent hand washing, keeping hands off the face, and isolating a person who has a communicable disease.
The most common diseases that are spread through contact are the common cold, influenza and whooping cough. Airborne Germs Airborne germs are spread by being suspended in the air by the sick individual through a cough or sneeze and then inhaled by another person. The most common communicable diseases that are transmitted through airborne germs are tuberculosis, measles and chicken pox. Prevention methods include vaccinations and isolating a person who is ill to prevent them from spreading the disease to another person.
TREATMENT OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASE
Communicable diseases are spread from person to person via pathogens like bacteria, viruses and fungi. They can be common, short-lived disease like throat colds or chronic diseases like malaria and herpes. The form of treatment necessary for communicable disease depends on both the source and symptoms of the disease. However, treatment usually involves some form of rest, recuperation, medication or vaccine. Common There are numerous common communicable diseases, such as throat colds and the flu. They often produce symptoms like sore throat, runny nose, coughing, sneezing, headache, fever and nausea.
These can typically be treated with adequate rest and over-the-counter medication. Medication for common communicable diseases may include pain relievers like Tylenol as well as nasal decongestants, cough syrups, anti-nausea pills and throat drops. Common communicable diseases usually dissipate over the course of a few days or weeks. Chronic Chronic communicable diseases are severe and not usually spread from person to person via airborne pathogens. They may be spread via parasites, sexual contact or transmission of bodily fluids like blood.
Unlike throat colds or other common illnesses, chronic communicable diseases may last months or even a lifetime. Examples of chronic communicable disease include malaria, Lyme disease, diphtheria and hepatitis. Treatment for chronic communicable diseases usually involves some form of hospitalization, intravenous antibiotics, prescription medication and intensive care. Vaccines One effective way to treat a communicable disease is by receiving a vaccine before your body becomes infected. Vaccines work by infecting your body with a weakened strain of the actual disease. Your body then produces antibodies to fight the disease.
Antibodies remain in the system after the weakened strain is gone and protect the body from later infections. Certain vaccines need only to be administered once, such as vaccines for mumps, measles, whooping cough and polio. Others, like the flu vaccine, should be taken annually. PRECAUTIONS OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASE Communicable disease is caused by pathogenic organism which can be easily transmitted from one person to another person, either directly or indirectly. There are different kinds of communicable disease, so the precaution is also different but their are some common precaution which are useful for every communicable disease.
To be healthy and avoid every kind of disease, washing hands is the most important thing. Wash your hand with soap and water before and after doing activities and touching things which seems contaminated. And if you forgot to wash your hands or couldn’t find any resources of hand washing for eg; if you are walking in the street and have to do something but you couldn’t wash your hand than don’t touch your eyes, nose, mouth and ear with the hand. Those areas can be easily infectious with germs.
Try to avoid or limit eating outside. As everybody don’t have time to make food and eat at home daily so if you are eating outside than eat food which are fresh and contains all the nutrients in sufficient amount and less amount of fat or cholesterol.
Try to avoid or limit crowd. Airway disease can be easily transmitted from crowd. If someone is ill in the family than strictly avoid using items used by the family member like towel, linens, cloths, utensils, etc.
Make sure your child had taken all the immunization and if you felt he/she is ill than immediately contact physician. Remember don’t take chance by keeping your child for home observation.
CAUSES OF NON – COMUNICABLE DISESASE
Risk factors such as a person’s background; lifestyle and environment are known to increase the likelihood of certain non-communicable diseases. They include age, sex, genetics, exposure to air pollution, and behaviours such as smoking, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity which can lead to hypertension and obesity, in turn leading to increased risk of many NCDs.  Most NCDs are considered preventable because they are caused by modifiable risk factors.
The WHO’s World Health Report 2002 identified five important risk factors for non-communicable disease in the top ten leading risks to health. These are raised blood pressure, raised cholesterol, tobacco use, alcohol consumption, and overweight.  Other factors associated with higher risk of NCDs include a person’s economic and social conditions, also known as the “social determinants of health. ” It has been estimated that if the primary risk factors were eliminated, 80% of the cases of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes and 40% of cancers could be prevented.
Interventions targeting the main risk factors could have a significant impact on reducing the burden of disease worldwide. Efforts focused on better diet and increased physical activity have been shown to control the prevalence of NCDs. 
TREATMENT OF NON – COMMUNICABLE DISEASE
More and more people are turning to exercise as a means of achieving long-term health. The World Health Organization has endorsed this concept. The best available evidence suggests that an employee fitness programme will result in decreased health-care costs, decreased absenteeism and increased productivity for the employer. Regular physical activity is also associated with lower mortality rates.
Appropriate physical activity may be a valuable tool in therapeutic regimens for the control and amelioration (rehabilitation) of cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease, hypertension, congenital heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, obesity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, musculoskeletal disorders, end-stage renal disease, stress, anxiety and depression, etc.
Regular physical activity, independent of other factors, reduces the probability of coronary artery disease and early death. Patients with risk factors for coronary artery disease need more intensive preexercise evaluation than those not a risk, and those with known or suspected cardiovascular disease need the most intensive evaluation and follow-up. Participation in vigorous sports activities, such as jogging, swimming, tennis, etc. , helps to protect against the development of hypertension, even when other predisposing factors are present.
Several studies have been conducted on the use of exercise in the treatment of hypertension. Physical exercise also contributes to the control of body weight. Consideration of the metabolic abnormalities in patients with type II (adult onset) diabetes indicates that they would make excellent candidates for an exercise programme. Osteoporosis is an important health problem for the elderly. The best treatment available at present is prevention, and a high level of physical activity throughout life can result in a larger skeletal mass during old age.
PRECAUTIONS OF NON – COMMUNICABLE DISEASE
Non communicable diseases do not occurred by an infection. Typically they are developed due to heredity, surroundings and behavior of an individual. Many of these diseases can be prevented to some extent. Individuals can prevent these diseases by having proper diet and exercise routines. They cannot be transferred from one human to another. Factors that can cause these diseases include abnormalities in genes, heredity problem, lifestyle and environment. Instructions Step 1 : Know the history of your family’s health. Many non communicable diseases are caused due to heredity.
While development of these diseases is not guaranteed by your family’s health history, it will just tell you to focus on what sort of the diseases. For example, if members of four immediate families suffer from cancer, you must take precaution to prevent this non communicable disease. If you are not aware with the history of your family’s health, ask your parents, your siblings or ask your other close family and know what type of non communicable diseases you are prone to. Step 2 You must take medical screenings regularly for non communicable diseases.
One must go for overall health screening once in a year as recommended by experts. For example, as recommended by the American College of the Physicians, all women when they attain an age of 50years must receive a yearly mammogram. However, women with high risk of breast cancer due to their family health history must receive mammograms at an age of 40. D. A Berry, conducted cancer study in 2005 stated that between 29 and 64 percent of a sharp drop in women breast cancer deaths in between 1991 and 2001 were not indirectly related to mammograms and the screenings received once a year.
Non communicable diseases can also be prevented by many other medical screenings. Heart screenings, cholesterol, a high blood pressure and many other medical screenings helped in saving the lives and it is an important way to avoid deaths that occur because of non-communicable diseases by the help of early detection. Step 3 Find any non communicable diseases which you feel you’re most at most risk for. It is most important to learn to prevent specific non communicable diseases which have made you at high risk which can be due to your lifestyle, your surroundings etc.
By having information, you can know many ways to prevent certain non communicable diseases. Non communicable diseases which include heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and cancer are research in one place named as Harvard Medicine. It allows anyone to find conditions, causes, preventions tat can work for an individual and its website is –hms. harvard. edu/hms/research. asp. Step 4 Changes in diet can prove beneficial for your health and it may also help to prevent non communicable diseases. Massive differences can also be made even by small changes.
For example, increasing in intake of daily fruits and vegetables can significantly reduce higher risk for cancer, heart disease, stroke and other medical conditions. Step 5 You must avoid things which raise risk factors for certain non communicable diseases. If you smoke cigarettes every day you are at higher risk for cancer. Cancer. Having alcohol in excess can also higher your risk of these diseases. In order to prevent non communicable diseases you must take out elements from your life which increases the risk of non communicable diseases.